Protein contained in many secretions such as saliva, tears, milk and colostrum and plays a key role in the fixation and transport of iron, a process necessary for the growth and development of pathogens. It has antimicrobial activity both bactericidal and fungicidal. In association with lactic ferments it hinders the growth of pathogenic bacteria without altering the growth of normal intestinal bacterial flora.

RSS The Journal of Pediatrics

  • Effect of Pooling Practices and Time Postpartum of Milk Donations on the Energy, Macronutrient, and Zinc Concentrations of Resultant Donor Human Milk Pools September 23, 2019
    To characterize the macronutrient, energy, and zinc composition of pasteurized donor human milk pools and evaluate how composition varies based on pooling practices and “time postpartum” (ie, elapsed time from parturition to expression date) of individual milk donations.
    Bridget E. Young, Laraine L. Borman, Rebecca Heinrich, Julie Long, Sarah Pinney, Jamie Westcott, Nancy F. Krebs
  • The benefits of internal grant reviews can extend beyond positively impacting research funding success rates without incurring additional costs September 19, 2019
    Although the Opipari et al program published in The Journal allows reviewer anonymity, our internal grant review protocol is typically conducted in an open forum allowing others to observe, participate, and learn.1,2 It provides an opportunity for group discussion and more closely models National Institutes of Health grant reviews. This approach promotes a culture of transparency […]
    Kristine M. Kulage, Elaine L. Larson
  • A Newborn with a Wrist Drop and a Skin Marking September 19, 2019
    A boy was born to a gravida 1 para 0 mother at 39 weeks of gestation via normal vaginal delivery after rupture of membranes greater than 24 hours, following an uneventful pregnancy. The baby weighed 3380 g, and Apgar scores were 9 and 10 at 1 and 5 minutes, respectively. Upon examination soon after birth, a left wrist drop […]
    Valentina Carrato, Angela Troisi, Irene Berti, Laura Travan, Meta Starc, Francesco Maria Risso
  • Increase of body mass index is a useful predictor of childhood obesity September 18, 2019
    Belay et al1 reported that the practices and attitudes of pediatricians have improved from 2006 to 2017, with body mass index (BMI) now recognized to be important information for prevention and treatment of childhood obesity. This study outlines where we are and how to think about the next steps for identifying and treating childhood obesity. In […]
    Go Ichikawa, Osamu Arisaka, Koryo Nakayama, Satomi Koyama, Shigemi Yoshihara
  • Umbilical cord blood sampling versus admission blood sampling on requirement of blood transfusion in extremely preterm infants September 18, 2019
    Balasubramanian et al have addressed an intervention that is feasible and easy doable.1 However, we have a few queries.
    Rohit Sasidharan, Bharti Yadav, Neeraj Gupta
  • Reply September 18, 2019
    We thank Sasidharan et al for their observations.
    Haribalakrishna Balasubramanian, Lakshmi Srinivasan, Nandkishor Kabra
  • Sugar-sweetened beverages and screen time: partners in crime for adolescent obesity September 18, 2019
    Belay et al evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and perception among practicing pediatricians toward childhood obesity and the relevant risk factors. They found, compared with 2006, pediatricians in 2017 were more likely to discuss family behaviors related to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and screen time (P < .001).1
    Aditi Shukla, Zakia Jabarkheel
  • Trachyonychia September 18, 2019
    A healthy 7-year-old girl presented with progressive discoloration and roughness of her fingernails and toenails that began 8 months earlier. The dystrophic changes in the nails gradually increased over time.
    Alexander K.C. Leung, Kin Fon Leong, Benjamin Barankin
  • The Road to Precision Medicine for Children: Resilience, Vulnerability, and Gene Polymorphism September 18, 2019
    Resilience in children in the face of adversity has been an elusive target of our scientific investigations. Why do some children who experience significant adversity, such as poverty and food insecurity, do well despite serious hardship, while others do not? The term resilience is used in a variety of ways—sometimes to reflect internal processes or […]
    Benard P. Dreyer
  • Cerebral Oxygenation During Respiratory Events in Children with Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Associated Disorders September 17, 2019
    To evaluate changes in cerebral oxygenation by means of near-infrared spectroscopy during respiratory events in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and associated disorders.
    Laurence Tabone, Sonia Khirani, Jorge Olmo Arroyo, Alessandro Amaddeo, Abdelkebir Sabil, Brigitte Fauroux