Protein contained in many secretions such as saliva, tears, milk and colostrum and plays a key role in the fixation and transport of iron, a process necessary for the growth and development of pathogens. It has antimicrobial activity both bactericidal and fungicidal. In association with lactic ferments it hinders the growth of pathogenic bacteria without altering the growth of normal intestinal bacterial flora.

RSS The Journal of Pediatrics

  • Effect of minimization of early blood sampling losses among extremely premature neonates- A randomized clinical trial. March 4, 2024
    To evaluate the effect of blood sampling stewardship on transfusion requirements among infants born extremely preterm.
    Haribalakrishna Balasubramanian, Mayuri Bhanushali, Vimmi Tripathi, Lakshmi Srinivasan, Sachin Sakharkar, Anish Pillai, Nandkishore S. Kabra
  • The Association between Breastfeeding and Growth among Infants with Moderately Low Birth Weight: A Prospective Cohort Study March 4, 2024
    To assess the association between breastfeeding competency, as determined by Latch, Audible swallowing, Type of nipple, Comfort, and Hold (LATCH) and Preterm Infant Breastfeeding Behavior Scale (PIBBS) scores, and exclusive breastfeeding and growth among infants with low birth weight (LBW) in India, Malawi, and Tanzania.
    Krysten North, Katherine E.A. Semrau, Roopa M. Bellad, Sangappa M. Dhaded, Leena Das, Jnanindranath N. Behera, Irving Hoffman, Tisungane Mvalo, Rodrick Kisenge, Christopher R. Sudfeld, Sarah Somji, Rana R. Mokhtar, Linda Vesel, Shivaprasad Goudar, Sunil S. Vernekar, E.S. Siddhartha, Bipsa Singh, M.B. Koujalagi, Sanghamitra Panda, Eddah Kafansiyanji, Naomie Nyirenda, Melda Phiri, Friday Saidi, Nahya S. Masoud, Robert Moshiro, Danielle E. Tuller, Kiersten Israel-Ballard, Christopher P. Duggan, Anne CC. Lee, Kimberly L. Mansen, Melissa F. Young, Karim Manji, LIFE study team
  • Clinical Correlates and Prevalence of Food Selectivity in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder March 3, 2024
    To examine clinical correlates and prevalence of food selectivity (FS) – i.e., self-restricted diet, reluctance to try new foods – in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) ascertained from a general outpatient autism clinic.
    Megan L. Wenzell, Stormi L. Pulver, Meara X.H. McMahon, Emily Kate Rubio, Scott Gillespie, Rashelle C. Berry, Ivanna Betancourt, Bonnie Minter, Olivia Schneider, Chitra Yarasani, Destinee Rogers, Lawrence Scahill, Valerie Volkert, William G. Sharp
  • Cognitive Bias in an Infant with Constipation March 1, 2024
    Cognitive bias is a systematic error in thinking and information processing that can influence the decisions and judgements of a situation (1). These errors of thought can result from mental shortcuts, known as heuristics, that function to preserve energy for more complex thought (2). Mental shortcuts are essential to efficiency in healthcare, but these moments […]
    Rebecca A. Carson, John L. Lyles
  • Rising Trends of Childhood Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in a Large Integrated Healthcare Delivery System in Southern California, 2010-2021 March 1, 2024
    To evaluate trends of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis rates among children aged 5-17 years over the past decade (2010-2021) and to investigate whether there have been differences in temporal changes based on race and ethnicity, sex, or income
    Nehaa Khadka, Morgan R. Peltier, Michael J. Fassett, Nana A. Mensah, Meiyu Yeh, Vicki Y. Chiu, Yinka Oyelese, Darios Getahun
  • Associations between Childhood Opportunity Index and Pediatric Cardiac Surgical Outcomes March 1, 2024
    To assess the relationship between the Childhood Opportunity Index (COI), a comprehensive measurement of social determinants of health (SDOH), and specific COI domains on patient-specific outcomes following congenital cardiac surgery in the metropolitan region of Atlanta, Georgia.
    Amy R. Kolwaite, Johnathan A. Edwards, Melinda Higgins, Swaminathan Kandaswamy, Evan Orenstein, Dawn Boughton, Tawanda Zinyandu, Susan Brasher, Subhadra Shashidharan, Lisa M. Thompson, Nikhil K. Chanani
  • Young Infant Mortality Associated with Preterm and Small-for-gestational-age Births in Rural Bangladesh: A prospective cohort study March 1, 2024
    To assess the relative risk of mortality in preterm and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants during the first and second months of life in rural Bangladesh.
    Jennifer A. Applegate, Md Shafiqul Islam, Rasheda Khanam, Arunangshu Dutta Roy, Nabidul Haque Chowdhury, Salahuddin Ahmed, Dipak K. Mitra, Arif Mahmud, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Samir K. Saha, Abdullah H. Baqui
  • Table of Contents March 1, 2024
  • Masthead March 1, 2024
  • Information for Readers March 1, 2024